3 руб


100th anniversary of the GOELRO plan

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3 000

Тип новац

31,1 гр.


on the mirror field of the disc - a relief image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, above it along the edge - an inscription in a semicircle: "RUSSIAN FEDERATION", framed on both sides by double rhombuses, below the emblem: on the left - designations of precious metal and alloy samples, on the right - the content of chemically pure metal and the mint's trademark, below in the center in three lines - the inscription: "BANK OF RUSSIA", coin denomination: "3 RUBLES", year of issue: "2020".
on the mirrored field of the disk - relief images of the installer, the dam of the hydroelectric power station, the towers of the power lines against the background of the city view with lighted windows; below - the inscriptions: "PLAN GOELRO" and "100 YEARS".
300 corrugated
GOELRO (State Commission for the Electrification of Russia) is a body created on February 21, 1920 to develop a project for the electrification of Russia after the October Revolution of 1917. The abbreviation is often also deciphered as the State Plan for the Electrification of Russia, that is, a product of the GOELRO Commission, which became the first long-term plan for economic development adopted and implemented in Russia after the revolution. With the growth of energy construction in Russia, specialists became more and more convinced that the country needed a unified national program that would link the development of industry in the regions with the development of the energy base, as well as with the electrification of transport and housing and communal services. When solving the problem of restoration and development of the country's economy that arose after October 1917 according to a unified state plan, V.I. Lenin put electrification at the forefront. In 1920, it was decided to establish the GOELRO Commission - the State Plan for the Electrification of Russia. G.M. Krzhizhanovsky, power scientist, author of the work "Tasks of the electrification of industry." In December 1920, the plan was developed and approved at an expanded meeting of the GOELRO Commission. The plan was a unified program for the revival and development of the country and its specific industries - primarily heavy industry, and considered the main means to be the maximum possible rise in labor productivity. The program emphasized the promising role of electrification in the development of industry, construction, transport and agriculture. Directively, it was proposed to use mainly local fuels, including low-value coal, peat, shale, gas and wood. The so-called "A" program of the GOELRO plan, which provided for the restoration of the country's destroyed energy economy, was already implemented in 1926. And by 1931, the minimum ten-year period of the program, all the targets for power construction were exceeded. By the end of the fifteen-year term, by 1935, the Soviet power industry had reached the level of world standards and took the third place in the world after the USA and Germany. The GOELRO plan became the first state plan in Russia and laid the foundation for the entire subsequent planning system in the USSR, anticipating the theory, methodology and problems of future five-year plans.
Artists: E.V. Kramskaya (obverse), A.A. Brynza (reverse). Sculptors: A.A. Dolgopolova (obverse), A.N. Bessonov (reverse).